Getting the correct lubricant for your engine is vital. It will make your vehicle more reliable and offer you a better performance. Lubricants also help to protect the engine by reducing wear and circulating the heat. Engine oil works by creating a separating lubricant film between the metal surfaces; this stops them from wearing by crushing together. Your engine will be running efficiently if you use the right oil.
Your engine can rust and erode from the acid that will form as a result of not keeping your oil regularly topped up. The formation of sludge will also be prevented by choosing the right lubricant. Briefly, oil matters.
What Is Oil Viscosity?
All parts of the engine are different and need the oil in different forms. For example, when the engine is warm the oil may become thin and won’t provide the correct protection for the engine. Likewise, when the engine is cold and the oil becomes thick it won’t be able to move around the engine correctly.
The temperature that engine operates will determine the viscosity of the lubricant. It’s not just oil that has viscosity, all liquids have a viscosity. For example, things like water and honey also have a viscosity. It refers to a liquid’s resistance to movement or more commonly known as thickness. Therefore, viscosity is one of the most important features of lubricating oil.
An engine will avoid wear and uphold energy efficiency by having a lubricant with a high viscosity.
When your engine reaches high and low temperatures, it is the oil that allows it to run properly at those heats. Viscosity modifiers can be used to increase the thickness of the lubricant in high temperatures but they won’t have much effect on the thickness of the oil in low temperatures.
You will receive better fuel economy from using the right engine oil. Your engine will use less power when using lower viscosity oil as it will stop the parts of the engine from touching. This is what makes your car start in cold weather.
The driving conditions and the weather in the area you live will determine the exact lubricant thickness for your vehicle. However, you should check your car manual for precise measures.
What Do The Oil Numbers Mean?
When there are differences in temperatures, multrigrade oil will be able to minimise the difference in viscosity. You will be able to identify a multigrade oil by the two numbers that are on the packaging.
The first number on multigrade lubricants will refer to its viscosity in low temperatures. This will tell you how efficient that oil will be in the coldest conditions. This number is usually followed by a W, which represents winter.
You can maintain fuel efficiency, reduce engine damage and increase the performance of your engine by having the right viscosity. The number after the W will refer to how thick the lubricant will remain in high temperatures.
Better oil economy and protection is maintained when using synthetic oils. Therefore, mineral lubricants aren’t the best option.
What’s The Variance between Mineral and Synthetic?
- Synthetic and mineral oils are both used in any lubricant that has a semi or part prefix. Synthetic and mineral are the two main types of lubricants.
- The removal of wax is one of benefits of using mineral oil. It comes from crude oil and is processed in a refinery.
- Mineral oils don’t perform as well as synthetic lubricants because they are natural. Synthetics are manufactured for engine benefits.
About the Author: This article was written by Brian Madden. For extra information about machine oils, please visit Crown Oil.